Web Hosting Words Abbreviations & Terms Explained

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Homepage – The home page is the first web page that is displayed on your web site. Most web hosts use index.htm, index.html or index.php. So if you go to www.inspectcyber.com the first page to be displayed in the root directory is index.php

Host – A server located on a network that provides file storage or services.

.htaccess – This is the default name of a configuration file that contains “server directives” (commands known by the server) that tell the server how to behave. The most common use for an .htaccess file is to restrict access (password-protection) or authentication to specific files or directories on the Internet or intranet.

HTML HyperText Markup Language. HTML is the coding language used to create Hypertext documents (webpages) for use on the Internet.

HTTP – HyperText Transport Protocol. HTTP is the Internet protocol for transferring hypertext files.

MySQL – One of the most popular Open Source Software database management systems on the net. many open source tools including mambo use MySQL.

Name Server – (Nameserver) – A program or computer that translates names from one form into another. For example, a Domain Name Server (also called a “host server”) performs the mapping of domain names to IP numbers.

PHP – A server-side scripting language. The PHP commands, which are embedded in the web page’s HTML, are executed on the web server to generate dynamic HTML pages.

SMTP – Is a Simple Mail Transport Protocol. SMTP is the main Internet protocol used to send email.

Anonymous FTP – If you have Anonymous FTP set on your ftp settings via your web host this mean’s the public can download and also upload files using an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) to your server without a specific user name or password. Basically ensure you have anonymous ftp disabled via your control panel.

Backbone – A large network connection that forms a major pathway within a network, and carries data gathered from smaller network connections that interconnect with it.

Bandwidth – The amount of data passing through a network connection over a specific time. Bandwidth is measured in bps (bits-per-second) or Mbps.

Catch-all Email Account – An email account which allows any email sent your your domain name. IE yourname@domain.com, which will be stored in a mail file, mailbox to be forwarded to the catch-all email address. I would recommend you do not use the catch-all email address to avoid spam sent your email. The best option is to disable the catch all option and create a specific email address IE sales@yourdomain.com.

CGI – Abbreviation for “Common Gateway Interface”. This is an interface standard which provides a method of executing a server-side program (script) from a website to generate a webpage with dynamic content. Scripts conforming to this standard may be written in any programming language that produces an executable file, but are most often written in Perl, Python, C, C++, or TCL.

CNAME Record (Canonical Name Record) – An entry in your DNS table (zone file) that aliases a FQDN to another FQDN (i.e. www.your-domain.com -> your-domain.com). In other words, the CNAME record specifies another domain to which the user would be redirected.

Domain name – The unique name which is identified as an Internet website address. Domain names have two or more parts.

Domain Name System (DNS) – The way that nameservers translate Internet domain names into IP addresses.

Email Forwarding – An email service in which your email is automatically sent or forwarded from one or more email address, to another specified email address.

FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) – A complete domain name consisting of a host, the second-level domains, and the top-level domain. For example, www.inspectcyber.com is a FQDN. www is the host; inpectcyber is the second-level domain; and .com is the top level domain.

FrontPage Extensions – Also refered to as FrontPage server extensions. These are a set of server-side scripts and programs which enable users of Microsoft FrontPage to use its special components called Web Bots. The extensions can be installed for Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) and on other Windows (usually Windows NT) and UNIX web servers.

FTP – stands for “File Transfer Protocol”. FTP is an Internet standard for transferring files over the Internet. FTP programs and utilities are used to upload and download webpages, graphics, and other files from your hard drive to a remote server which allows FTP access.

Gigabyte (GB) -1024 Megabytes (MB), which is 2^30 bytes, or 1,073,741,824 bytes.

SSI – stands for Server-Side Includes. A server-side scripting language. SSI scripting commands are embedded within a webpage and are parsed and executed on the web server to generate dynamic HTML pages. Common uses of SSI include files (e.g. a header or footer file) that are used on multiple pages, or to show the current date and time.

SSL – Abbreviation for Secure Sockets Layer. SSL is a transaction security standard that provides data encryption, server authentication, and message integrity. SSL is usually used on sites that accept credit card numbers or other private information.

Subdomain – Sub-domains are domain names is a sub directory or your domain IE forum.yourdomain.com A subdomain will point, reference a speific space via your web host. It will also reference a specific mysql database.

Telnet – An Internet protocol for accessing a remote server on the Internet. When you log into the remote server using a Telnet program, you receive a command line prompt for the server that you can give commands to. Telnet is also known as “remote login”.

Terabyte – 1024 gigabytes (GB), but sometimes used to refer to 1000 gigabytes.

URL – stands for Uniform Resource Locator. The web address of a website, file, or resource on the Internet. www.inspectcyber.com is a URL.

Webspace – Data storage space accessed via the Internet, usually used to host websites and data files.

Whois – An Internet utility program that obtains information (such as owner and contact info) about a Domain name or IP number from the database of a domain name registry. If the search result returns “No match”, the domain name is probably available, and you can apply to register it. To search for a domain name across all registrars at once, you can use Better Whois.

WYSIWYG – An acronym for “What You See Is What You Get”. A WYSIWYG program is one that allows you to create and edit a web page, text, or graphical user interface so that you can see what the end result will look like while the document is being created. WYSIWYG web page editors conceal the markup language (HTML) so as to allow the user to think entirely in terms of how the page should appear. Microsoft FrontPage and Adobe PageMill are two common WYSIWYG editors.

XML – Extensible Markup Language a specification, similar to HTML, developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) for Web documents. XML contains markup symbols (tags) to describe the contents of a page or file, but unlike HTML, the markup symbols are unlimited and self-defining (i.e. designers can create their own customized tags and tag definitions). XML is a subset of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language).


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